Structural engineering used to be a part of Civil engineering 10 years ago. But now, it has emerged as a separate field of specialization in building construction, mechanical engineering, earthquake resistance construction etc. A structural engineer deals with the design and analyses any fault to before any construction to avoid risks. New building construction and remodeling both require the presence of a professional consultants/engineers. Their prime responsibility includes developing designs and integrating the design. In some case, they also have to supervise construction of projects.
The first use of structural engineering was in 2500 BC during the construction of pyramids. But until the 19th and 20th century, steel was not used for constructions vigorously. Then the structural engineering service became central to any construction work.
Earthquakes are frequent at that time. The last noted earthquake took place in 2014. Now if a building is not designed for these kinds of natural disasters it will not stand a chance to protect the residents. Thus it is ideal for any homeowners or builders to hire a structural engineering expert.
How You Need the Structural Designing Consultants
You should know what exactly you want with your proposed construction before going and meeting your structural engineer. If you have made your mind then it is the right time for you to meet your engineer for good reasons.
Before you build anything new discuss the current architectural plan of the building. Discussing this before any new plan is made, it will help you eliminate any chance of misunderstanding and minimize upcoming unwanted surprises in the designing plan.
It is better to have a general idea of your building before the work actually starts. You may want to do some on a wall where the engineer is proposing the wire box. So, plan it ahead to avoid any unnecessary delay in your construction process.
If you have researched about some basic factors go ahead and check them with your hired consultants/engineers in region. It is quite obvious that they will satisfy your curiosity and resolve any issues.
Structural Designing Process
Structural designing consultants follow a two-step process while preparing a design. To put it in a nutshell, first, they serve the basic purpose of construction that is to make the construction look good. This is known as Functional design. Then they focus on the detail of every nook and corner of the proposed construction. This step is commonly referred to as Structural design. These functional and structural processes also include various sub processes.